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Linné on line arrow The Life of Linnaeus arrow Linnaeus the child arrow Linnaeus’ family in Småland

Linnaeus’ family in Småland

Linnaeus grew up in the province of Småland where his family had lived for many generations. His father was Nils Linnaeus, 1674–1748. He came from a family with many farmers and clergymen. Nils was a farmer's son but he became the Vicar of Stenbrohult. When Nils died in 1748 his son had already become a professor at Uppsala University and was at the height of his career.


Linnaeus’ father, Nils Linnaeus.
This portrait by an unknown artist may be seen at Linnaeus’ Hammarby

Linnaeus’ mother, Christina Brodersonia. The original oil painting, by an unknown artist, may be seen at Linnaeus’ Hammarby.

Carl's mother Christina, 1688–1733, was the daughter of Samuel Brodersonius who preceded Nils Linnaeus as Vicar of Stenbrohult. According to the custom of the time, she kept her patronym Brodersonia (note the feminine ending -a) even after her marriage. She came from a family where clergymen predominated.

Nils and Christina were married on March 6th, 1706. They had five children:

Carl Linnaeus, 1707–1778, their firstborn son.
Carl was knighted in 1757 and was then called Carl von Linné. He married Sara Elisabeth Moraea in 1739. They had seven children of whom one boy and four girls reached maturity. The son, Carl von Linné Jr, never married and the "von Linné" name thus came to an end.

Anna Maria Linnaea 1710–1769.
She married Gabriel Höök, a clergyman, and had ten children.

Sophia Juliana Linnaea 1714–1771
She married Johan Svensson Collin, a clergyman, and had ten children.

Samuel Linnaeus 1718–1797
Succeeded his father as Vicar of Stenbrohult. Samuel is sometimes called "the Bee King" as he kept bees and wrote a handbook on bee-keeping. He married Anna Helena Osander and had twelve children, five of them sons. Only one son reached maturity but died at the age of 27 without marrying. Thus the "Linnaeus" family came to an end.

Emerentia Linnaea 1723 –1753.
She married a local sheriff, Carl Ammon Branting, and had four children.